By Nathan R. McGuire, Esq.
This article is reprinted from the November 2020 Coachella Valley Community Associations Institute Magazine: Quorum here.
For the last two legislative sessions in a row, we have faced some of the most historically significant bills since the Davis-Stirling Act came into effect in 1986. And that’s saying a lot considering the Davis-Stirling Act has probably been amended more than a hundred times since it was enacted. This year was especially challenging on legislators, advocates, and citizens wishing to engage in the process, given the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the legislative process. It has also demonstrated the need for modernizing the Davis-Stirling Act by allowing for the use of mainstream technology which has become commonplace in our everyday lives.
Because of the pandemic, the legislature shifted its focus to COVID-19, economic recovery and housing affordability issues. Other bills, like the ones pushed by CAI’s California Legislative Action Committee (CAI-CLAC), including a bill to clean-up to SB 323, were dropped. The legislative session was also significantly abbreviated and particularly contentious, especially related to the process of attending and voting at hearings and floor sessions. A movie may be made some day – one assemblymember went viral after she brought her baby to the floor to vote on a bill after being denied the opportunity to vote by proxy because she was not at a “higher risk from the COVID-19 virus like some of her colleagues who were granted the exception,” a senator tested positive for COVID-19 after a caucus lunch and the nearly all Senate Republicans were excluded from in-person participation in the final days of the session, and the final Senate floor session became contentious (even some cursing) after delays and technical difficulties led to Senate Democrats voting to limit the amount of debate on each bill. In the midst of this chaos, a number of bills died in the waning hours of the legislative session simply because of the logjam in the Senate.
The COVID-19 pandemic created a mess, but it also shined a light on existing flaws in the legislative process and the need for technological solutions. As I reflect on this year, after having spent the last decade serving on CAI-CLAC and wrap up a two-year stint as Chair, I’ve come to several conclusions:
- Our work is not done. We’ve made incredible progress, but it is more important now than ever before to continue to grow our influence in Sacramento. We need YOUR support.
- Relationships are critical. Once an issue has become contentious, a legislator is more likely to be persuaded by one person or group with which they have a pre-existing relationship, than by e-mails, phone calls, or meetings.
- In spite of data evidencing that the vast majority of homeowners living in community associations are satisfied or extremely satisfied, too many legislators (like the general population) continue to harbor the misconception that community associations are a problem in need of legislative solutions.
- Legislators are far too willing to rely on anecdotal evidence in supporting or opposing legislation impacting community associations. They have too little time and not enough interest in getting into the granular details of bills. Legislators and their staff require perpetual education by groups like CAI-CLAC.
- The Davis-Stirling Act has been largely insulated from the advancements in technology. In this day, there’s absolutely no reason community associations should have to jump through hoops to hold virtual/telephonic meetings, communicate by e-mail, and vote electronically.
Assembly Bill 3182: AB 3182, effective January 1, 2021, amends the Davis-Stirling Act to provide that owners are not subject to a provision in a governing document “that prohibits, has the effect of prohibiting, or unreasonably restricts the rental or leasing of any of the separate interests, accessory dwelling units, or junior accessory dwelling units.” The bill clarifies certain allowances:
- Short term rentals – associations may prohibit transient or short-term rentals of 30 days or less. Note that longer rental periods are not outright prohibited.
- Rental Caps – associations may implement rental restrictions which limit the total number of rentals to 25% (or more) of the separate interests in the common interest development. Rental caps of less than 25% are expressly prohibited.
Note that mandatory waiting or occupancy periods before an owner can rent out their separate interests are likely no longer enforceable as “unreasonable restrictions.” In an unprecedented move, the bill mandates all associations with conflicting provisions to amend their governing documents “to conform” to the bill’s requirements no later than December 31, 2021. If an association’s documents no not have any provisions in conflict with AB 3182, no amendment is necessary. And finally, the bill imposes a penalty of up to $1,000 on associations, in addition to actual damages, that “willfully violate” any of the bill’s requirements, including the mandate to amend.
Let me not mince words – this is a bad bill and will be harmful to community associations and their members throughout California, for numerous reasons. From a broader policy standpoint, it incentivizes rentals at the expense of homeownership, will actually drive prices up by encouraging investors to come into the market in larger numbers, and places unreasonable one-size restraints on communities. The bill is also poorly written; community association lawyers throughout California are already struggling to determine how to advise their clients to comply. Some of the specific problems include:
- The bill’s requirement to amend, without providing any guidance as to what will suffice for such an amendment, leaves associations in a quandary. A large percentage of associations will, as a practical matter, be unable to obtain member approval for such amendments. Some associations may consider adopting a rule to conform the documents or adopting amendments to CC&Rs without a member vote. Note that many newer sets of CC&Rs have a provision baked in which allow the board to amend without a member vote to conform the documents to the law, which will likely be the best option for those associations.
- The bill very confusingly (and perhaps unintentionally) refers to “prohibitions” and “restrictions” almost interchangeably, which is problematic given that the law prohibits an association from applying newly adopted rental “prohibitions” to existing owners (creating a category of what some call “legacy” owners). The same ambiguity, in terms of application to legacy owners, will also apply when an association adopts amendments to conform to the law.
- While the bill requires associations to comply starting January 1, 2021, it also gives associations until December 31, 2021 to amend their governing documents to conform. Association will have to decide, ideally with advice of legal counsel, to what extent existing restrictions may be enforced prior to when an amendment occurs.
- In addition to the $1,000 penalty, the bill allows “an applicant or other party” to sue for “actual damages.” It is unclear who an “applicant or other party” might be or what could constitute “actual damages,” but this will likely lead to unnecessary litigation.
Any community associations concerned about the enforceability of existing rental restrictions (or wishing to add them) should carefully review their governing documents and consult with legal counsel.
Assembly Bill 685: AB 685 requires an employer which receives notice of potential exposure to COVID-19 in the workplace to provide written notice to all employees as well as the employers of subcontracted employees who were on the premises at the same time as the employee. In addition, employers must provide exposed employees with information about benefits to which the employee may be entitled including, but not limited to, workers’ compensation and COVID-19-related leave, including company sick leave, state-mandated leave, federal sick leave, as well as anti-retaliation and anti-discrimination protections available.
Senate Bill 908: SB 906 establishes the Debt Collection Licensing Act, effective January 1, 2022, and prohibits a person from engaging in the business of debt collecting in California without a license. Associations should confirm that any debt collector working with the association is properly licensed by January 1, 2022.
Senate Bill 1030: SB 1030 provides clean-up on ADU laws and requires ministerial approval of an application for a building permit within a residential or mixed-use zone to create one accessory dwelling unit and one junior accessory dwelling unit per lot with a proposed or existing single-family dwelling if certain requirements are met.
These last two years, more than any in recent memory, require associations to take action to comply with the legal changes. Associations should consult with professionals, including legal counsel, to ensure compliance. Problems, issues, and ideas should be submitted to CAI-CLAC’s Legislative Strategy & Research Committee at LSRC@caiclac.com. While it isn’t clear whether any of the bad bills from the last two years will be revisited, data will be critical to the success of any such efforts.
Nathan R. McGuire is a partner with Adams Stirling, PLC, in charge of the firm’s Northern California offices. He currently serves as the immediate Past Chair of CAI-CLAC and has served in various capacities on CAI-CLAC for the last 10 years. You can reach Nate at email@example.com or (800) 464-2817.
For more information ongoing Legislative Updates and CAI-CLAC’s position, please visit Legislative Session Hot Bills.